natural anti acid

to serious a circular muscle called the lower esophageal sphincter or LD s joins
your esophagus and stomach this muscle is in charge of tightening your
esophagus after food passes to the stomach if this muscle is weak or doesn’t tighten properly the acid from your stomach can move backward into your
esophagus this is known as acid reflux heartburn is a common symptom of acid reflux .
heartburn occurs in your digestive system specifically in your esophagus heartburn involves mild to severe pain in the chest it’s sometimes mistaken for heart attack pain .
we will discuss top 10 fruits that help to cure acid reflux and relieve heartburn fast one papaya papaya contains popayan popayan is a digestive
enzyme that breaks fully food and digests protein releasing gases and vapors in the stomach from their food is metabolized and does not cause bloating
however people with stomach ulcers or other stomach illnesses should avoid
eating fully because it can cause more severe diseases it is one of the wholesome home remedies for acid reflux heartburn and indigestion.
– pineapple pineapple contains brah melon brah melon is an enzyme that works to promote digestion reduce indigestion relieve acid reflux and heartburn pain and ease the feeling of fullness people with kidney disease should not eat pineapple since pineapple is rich in brah melon which will dissolve hema loosen and casein in kidney and impaired function of kidney three Apple among the best home remedies for acid reflux and heartburn Apple stands out thanks to its simplicity and availability no matter where you stay Apple is one of the easiest fruits to find consuming just some slices of apple per day can help you get rid of heartburn pain caused by acid reflux Apple can also control the production of acid in the stomach very quickly for banana banana is one of the best natural home remedies for acid
reflux and heartburn as it contains a considerable amount of pectin that can
ease the heartburn pain caused by acid reflux easily you can eat a banana after
having meals every day to prevent acid reflux and heartburn in advance 5 avocado avocado can be considered as one of the best natural home remedies for acid reflux and heartburn it contains many nutrients that play a key role in maintaining a good health in general besides consuming avocado every day will improve significantly your appearance because of its positive impact on skin and hair
you ought to include more avocado in everyday dish or consume the avocado
juice 2 to 3 times per day 6 lemon if you are suffering from acid reflux heartburn and indigestion you should prepare warm lemon juice before meals mix 1 tablespoon of lemon juice into a glass of warm water drink before meals to prevent bloating because lemon adds support for stomach acid not only that the lemon has the ability to fight against bacteria in food 7 orange one of home remedies for acid reflux heartburn and indigestion is drinking a glass of
orange juice when they wake up in the morning orange juice is a citrus fruit which is commonly used to make medicines for stomach problems 8 grapefruit a grapefruit juice can help to stop acid reflux relieve heartburn pain and pure indigestion in two days you can make grapefruit juice or eat grapefruit citrus grapefruit has an anti acid intake which can treat gastrointestinal diseases ninth grave eating grapes may repel indigestion and provide adequate nutrients grapes or oranges our desserts that bring many benefits to the stomach  and also help to treat acid reflux and relieve heartburn pain 10 guava the use of guava in the morning can be significant to the attempts to get rid of acid reflux and heartburn you should eat it before you have breakfast with soothing quality guava even helps improve your digestion good news if you are or someone you love is suffering from acid reflux and heartburn and want to get rid of these  digestive disorders fast and permanently  today we will show you about the fastest  and most effective method to treat acid reflux and stop heartburn pain  permanently in just two days
this method achieves in only two days  including amazing five-step technique to  treat acid reflux and get rid of  heartburn in 48 hours  stop chest pain burning sensation and  all related symptoms within two days 100% natural method to cure acid reflux  and heartburn fast safe and permanently  100% guaranteed success results by over  100,000 people from worldwide see real  proofs and learn more about this method

Chronic sinusitis and GERD or extraesophageal reflux disease

Chronic sinusitis and GERD

chronic sinusitis is a common clinical condition.  There is increasing evidence from observational studies that  both paediatric and adult patients with chronic sinusitis  frequently have associated GORD and EOR and that these  patients may benefit from medical antireflux therapy. GORD  and EOR may contribute to the pathogenesis of chronic  sinusitis by causing sinonasal congestion, compromised sinus  drainage, and inflammation.29  Otitis media  Otitis media with effusion (OME) is a prevalent condition  and the most common cause of hearing loss in childhood.  Recently, Tasker et al reported high concentrations (up to a  1000-fold greater than serum levels) of pepsin/pepsinogen in  59 of 65 middle ear effusion samples from children with  OME. The authors concluded that reflux of gastric juice into  the middle ear may be the primary factor in the initiation of  OME in children.  Using upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and 24 hour pH  monitoring, we prospectively assessed the coexistence of  GORD in consecutive adult patients with chronic secretory  otitis media (CSOM) or with a chronic refractory feeling of  pressure in the ear(s) (CRFP). All patients with CSOM and  most patients with CRFP had evidence of GORD (oesophagitis  and/or abnormal pH metry). Medical antireflux therapy  with open label PPI led to cessation of middle ear drainage  and CRFP after, on average, 11 weeks and four weeks,  respectively. These studies indicate that GORD may  directly cause or contribute to chronic ear problems, both in  children and in adults. RCTs evaluating the effect of  antireflux therapy are lacking.  Excessive throat phlegm and postnasal drip  It has been suggested that unexplained excessive throat  phlegm may also be a manifestation of GOR but formal  .( Chang A,et al ,2005)

so if any one suffering from chronic sinusitis with no response to treatment we should consider gerd as main cause if there are any digestive trouble or if the patient is on medical treatment for reflux.

treatment of PLPR are to

Treatment of eerd: The objectives in the treatment of PLPR are to

(1) heal any mucosal damage.

(2) to relieve symptoms, and

(3) to prevent recurrence. Management of pediatric reflux remains a challenge. This is because it is often difficult or even impossible to differentiate between physiological reflux and pathological reflux, that is, reflux causing complications. Current studies of treatment in the pediatric population are limited. There are no randomized controlled trials to evaluate the efficacy of antireflux therapy in children. The lack of trials can be explained by the difficulty in defining what constitutes PLPR. There are also no universally accepted and validated reflux scores for pediatric laryngeal signs. Obtaining ethical approval for studies is, therefore, difficult to justify. In addition, many of the drugs, especially the proton pump inhibitors (PPIs), which are the most effective antacids, are not licensed for use in children in several countries, including the United Kingdom and United States .( Meyer TK,et al ,2004)

Empirical treatment with PPIs, a common practice in the United Kingdom for adults with suspected laryngopharyngeal reflux, is therefore difficult to justify in the pediatric population. Conservative management such as dietary and lifestyle bbehavioralQ modifications may be successful. In many cases of PLPR, appropriate positioning of the sleeping child with elevation of the head of the bed, milk thickening, and fasting before bedtime are simple and often curative measures .( Hassall E. et al , 2005)

Reflux increases the risk of stenosis in animal models and is assumed to account for a significant number of failed laryngotracheal reconstruction attempts. The North Carolina Group recommends prophylactic treatment in every patient undergoing surgery, during which laryngeal mucosal disruption is anticipated. On the other hand, Zalzal et al found no direct correlation between reflux treatment and outcomes after laryngotracheal reconstruction. Drug therapy is probably the most successful treatment modality for PLPR and can include a combination of lifestyle changes with an antacid and/or a histamine-2 receptor antagonist. One would predict that the use of PPIs as part of a step-down therapy, as recommended in the treatment of adult GERD, would have similar effects in PLPR. This, however, cannot be proven until PPIs are licensed for use in children. Experience indicates that the most common error in prescribing PPI is underdosing. If the diagnosis is GERD and there is not a great response to PPIs, then the possible explanation would be an insufficient dose .( Chang A,et al ,2005) However, in PLPR, the data are inconclusive and studies focusing on adequate dosing in pediatric patients are lacking. Some centers will use PPIs in a few selected cases. In the United States, at present, only 2 PPIs are licensed for use in children, omeprazole and lasoprazole, but none is licensed for use of infants younger than 1 year. A recent Cochrane review of antireflux treatment for prolonged nonspecific cough in children and adults— a symptom that can be reflux related in up to 40% of cases— has confirmed what we had already suspected: there is insufficient evidence to definitely conclude that GERD treatment with PPI is beneficial for cough associated with GERD in adults. The pediatric data are even more inconclusive, and more double-blind, randomized, controlled, parallel-design studies are needed . Surgical intervention is reserved for patients in whom medical therapy has failed or symptoms are life-threatening. Antireflux surgery has considerable appeal especially if it achieves its goals, that is, cure of symptoms and avoid the need for long-term medication. However, most recent data document high rates of failure with morbidity and mortality . Children without respiratory symptoms tend to have better surgical outcomes. More randomized controlled trials are needed to assess results of antireflux surgery in atypical pediatric reflux. Candidates for surgery should have a definite diagnosis and should try prolonged and aggressive PPI treatment before being considered for fundoplication. .( Chang A,et al ,2005)

diagnosis of extraesophageal reflux disease

Diagnosis of eerd
There is, at present, no ideal diagnostic tool for laryngopharyngeal reflux detection. Various methods including pH monitoring, intraluminal impedance, scintigraphy, ultrasound, barium studies, fluoroscopy, and esophageal biopsy have been used both in adults and children. Results produced by these techniques, however, are not reproducible in patients with PLPR. The current gold standard diagnostic test for laryngopharyngeal reflux is the dual probe 24-hour pH monitoring. It is, however, an invasive test of low sensitivity, with an incidence of false-negative results reaching as high as 50% . The proximal probe is placed 2 cm above the upper esophageal sphincter and can be confirmed endoscopically. ( Jamieson JR, et al , 2013)
Manometry is often required to confirm positioning of the distal probe, which is normally placed 5 cm above the lower esophageal sphincter. Normal pH values of the distal esophagus have been well established in the literature . However, much controversy still surrounds what constitutes PLPR. The criteria used to diagnose GERD cannot be applied to PLPR because baseline pH values for the hypopharynx are still unknown. Some authors regard any number of episodes of pharyngeal reflux as positive evidence of laryngopharyngeal reflux .The total amount of time of acid exposure, expressed as a percentage of a 24-hour period, has been suggested by Postma et al as a suitable diagnostic criterion. Although widely used, pH monitoring does have limitations. For example, the probe does not detect nonacidic or gaseous reflux. Furthermore, ambulatory monitoring is time consuming, invasive, and not tolerated well by children. The technique of multichannel intraluminal impedance measures changes in electrical conductivity between 2 electrodes during the passage of a bolus of liquid, food, or gas within the esophagus .( Postma GN, et al , 2002)
Impedance catheters are placed within the esophagus and have multiple electrodes to allow detection of the direction and speed of the bolus. Further studies are required to validate the use of this modality as a diagnostic tool, but preliminary results are encouraging for the use of this technique in the paediatric population. Scintigraphy is useful for demonstrating reflux and for estimating gastric emptying. However, the correlation of scintigraphy with pH monitoring is poor . Esophageal biopsy and bronchoalveolar lavage does not correlate with endoscopic findings . Carr et al found that 65% of their study cohort who had GERD had normal esophageal biopsies. Furthermore, they found that 40% had normal laryngotracheal appearance on endoscopy.( Mandell DLet al ,2004)

pathophysiology of extraesophageal reflux disease

SGS is the most extensively studied laryngeal manifestation of GERD. There is popular agreement that PLPR is a causative factor in the development of SGS. However, the evidence linking these 2 pediatric conditions is weak and mainly based on either animal studies, or uncontrolled studies in humans. Trauma  and infection  are the 2 other etiological factors that have been implicated in the development of SGS.

 

extraesophageal symptoms of reflux eerd gerd
extraesophageal reflux

The damaging effects of gastric acid and pepsin on the subglottis have been demonstrated in animal models. Delahunty and Cherry , in their classic experimental study, demonstrated that the intermittent application of gastric acid to canine vocal cord produced granulomas, which was histologically similar to the early lesion of human SGS. In another canine model, application of gastric contents to subglottic mucosa once every alternate day for 3 to 4 weeks was sufficient to cause a 9-fold increase in SGS . (Squire R, et al ,2012)

Conversely, there was only a 1.5-fold increase in the control group. This study also showed a delay in reepithelization with exposure to acidic contents. Studies on the porcine subglottis showed that mucosa exposed to acid had reduced expression of messenger RNA (mRNA) for epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) . Downregulation of EGFR mRNA production was postulated to result in reduced mucosal turnover and impaired cellular repair. This resulted in basal cell hyperplasia and mucosal ulceration. In addition to disordered cellular repair, excessive deposition of connective tissue has also been associated with SGS. In vitro studies of human and rat tracheal tissue exposed to gastric juice displayed increased fibroblasts differentiation secondary to production of transforming growth factor beta 1 (TGF-h1) .( Jarmuz T, et al ,2004)

Presentation

There are no clinical presentations specific to PLPR. Patients often present with a wide range of atypical symptoms and signs. Parents generally do not perceive vomiting as a problem when it occurs no more than once daily, but are more likely to be concerned when vomiting is more frequent or when the volume of vomitus is large. Children may also present with excessive crying, irritability, failure to thrive, or feeding problems. Clinically, reflux symptoms are difficult to assess in infants and children. Although adults with esophagitis may complain of regurgitation, dysphagia, or heartburn, infants cannot describe their symptoms. Furthermore, the manifestations of PLPR often occur without the typical symptoms of reflux. Laryngeal symptoms that have been attributed to PLPR include hoarseness, a sensation of fullness at the back of the throat, postnasal drip with repetitive throat clearing, chronic cough, and laryngeal spasm. PLPR was found to be more prevalent in children with recurrent laryngotracheitis compared with a control cohort . An increased frequency of episodes of reflux in awake children with hoarseness has been previously reported .( Jamieson JR, et al , 2013)